Home Gardening Eastleigh Tips Patios Turfing Landscapeing tips Contact
Derek Moore
Gardener at his best
© Derek Moore Gardening Services 2017

Patios

Patios are our expertise !

Laying A Patio

But because it sloped down to the right about 12 inches, we used two courses of timbers at the right end and along the front to level off the patio. It took one weekend to prep the site and cut the timbers and a second weekend to set the timbers and lay the pavers. It would take about the same amount of time to build a slightly larger patio — up to about 8x12 feet — but for one bigger than that you'll need a series of weekends. When determining patio size, keep in mind that you can avoid cutting pavers by adjusting the inside dimension of the border to accept a run of only whole units. For example, to replicate the basket-weave pattern shown here, the length and width of the patio space inside the border must be divisible by 7 1/2 inches (the length in inches of one paver or the width of two). If you do have to cut pavers, use either a masonry blade in a circular saw or a brickset chisel and hammer. Patio options. There are basically two ways to build a brick patio. Flexible pavement is the quickest, easiest method; we used it for our project. Also known as the dry-laid method, it consists of laying pavers directly on a bed of compacted sand or crushed stone. The pavers are butted tightly together, then sand is swept between the joints. This method allows you to easily remove pavers if you ever need to change, repair or alter the patio. A mortared pavement provides a flatter, longer-lived surface, but it's harder to put down. Here, a crushed-stone base is topped with a 4-inch-thick concrete slab. Once the concrete cures, the pavers are pressed into a 1/2-inch-thick mortar bed troweled onto the slab. The 3/8-inch spaces between them are filled with mortar. Then secure timber along the edge of the course to these pegs using a drill. With the course for your patio properly supported you can now add a layer of hardcore. Hardcore is essentially a mix of large gravel chunks. This will provide your patio with a solid foundation and fill up approximately 10cm of the course. To ensure that your layer of hardcore is even, use a rake to smooth it out. Then using your sledgehammer, compact the hardcore into the ground. Before you put down any mortar on the hardcore you will next need to dry lay your slabs. Dry laying will allow you to approximate the placement of each piece. That way when you actually go to permanently place your slabs down they will end up in the right spot. This will help you avoid the risk of cementing your slabs to the wrong spot. Plus, you won’t need to worry about finding out at the last moment that one of the slabs needs to be cut to fit it within the patio’s dimensions. Like anything else, laying Floor tiles can seem like a pretty daunting task if you have never done it before. However, it is actually very simple and once you have had a go, you will soon feel much more confident. Tiling your own floor will save paying someone else to do it for you and it can be a genuinely rewarding experience! Before you begin laying any floor tiles you will need to know exactly where to start. Mark the centre of the floor and then place a single tile on this point. Next, lay a row of tiles on each side of this central one; dont forget to allow for grout gaps! You should now have a cross formation. Adjust each row of tiles until there is an equal space where they meet each of the walls. Now mark around your central tile. Make up a 5:1 solution of water and PVA (five parts water and one part PVA) and apply this to the floor. It does not matter if you are working on concrete or plywood; this preparation will still be exactly the same. Want a new project? Get outside and build a brand new patio or sidewalk, even if you already have one. Many patios and sidewalks are made from poured concrete. When you’d reasonably have something that does not look worn and grimy – and doesn’t want to be energy washed each and every spring – consider laying new brick pavers straight away over the old surface. There are an a variety of benefits to doing it this fashion,” says Laura Schwind, a registered landscape architect for Pine Corridor Brick, the largest supplier of clay pavers in the United States. With concrete that is easy or even, get started by way of opting for the kind of clay paver and a pattern. Remember the fact that there are “thinner” pavers (1 three/eight-inch) for these packages, and that some patterns, like herringbone, will require extra cuts than others. Subsequent, lay a “soldier direction,” which means that laying a line of bricks perpendicular to the brink of the concrete to form the outdoor body of your project. The secret is to make use of 4 dots of masonry adhesive on every brick, each about the dimension of a penny, which permits rainwater to move underneath. At the inside of the soldier route, lower pieces of roofing felt to put a single layer inside the body overlaying the concrete, and don’t overlap the felt edges. Then lay a 2d layer of felt perpendicular over the top of the primary layer. Starting at one nook, start laying the brick in position, leaving a 1/eight-inch hole between the pavers for sand. End by means of sweeping concrete sand between the joints till they are full. It’s effort and time,” says Schwind. But it is price it. If you want supplementary facts in relation to work benches or the empire formula swing by the blogger’s internet site right away. Try to keep things in proportion. If you plan to eat outside, make sure it’s large enough for people to sit comfortably round a table as well as being able to walk around it without stepping off the edge. The next major consideration is which material to use. Stone slabs, concrete slabs, imitation stone, or bricks? If laying a new patio near the house, choose a colour that contrasts or compliments the brickwork. Dark colours will make the patio look smaller, but they will absorb the light so there will be less glare and any heat will be retained and radiated as the evening cools down. Combinations of different coloured stone can be used to good effect, or the same coloured stone can be laid to create patterns, as of course can bricks. The more complex the pattern and the more the slabs have to be cut, the more expensive the job will be. The fall needn’t be huge – about 25mm every 1.5 metres, or an inch per yard-and-a- half, is ample – but it does need to be there and it needs to be consistent across the whole patio. This space then needs filling with an even layer of 75- 100mm (3-4 inches) of hardcore, which will need tamping down firmly with a petrol-driven compactor plate, colloquially known as a ‘whacker’. These can be hired fairly cheaply and are easy to use, but it’s another cost to consider if you’re doing the job yourself. They’re also heavy, so you’ll also need to think about unloading and loading it at home. You’ll then be in a position to cover the hardcore layer with a fine layer of sand and grit, which will need raking smooth and flat. Then, and only then, can you start to lay your lovely new patio slabs. You’re probably thinking that this is starting to sound like a mammoth job, and you’d be right.

If you would rather leave it up to the experts then why not give me a call

Patio
m: 0788 0351447

GARDEN MAINTENANCE

DECKING

Patios
Site Menu
Derek Moore
Gardening at its best!

Patios

Patios are our expertise !

Laying A Patio

But because it sloped down to the right about 12 inches, we used two courses of timbers at the right end and along the front to level off the patio. It took one weekend to prep the site and cut the timbers and a second weekend to set the timbers and lay the pavers. It would take about the same amount of time to build a slightly larger patio — up to about 8x12 feet — but for one bigger than that you'll need a series of weekends. When determining patio size, keep in mind that you can avoid cutting pavers by adjusting the inside dimension of the border to accept a run of only whole units. For example, to replicate the basket-weave pattern shown here, the length and width of the patio space inside the border must be divisible by 7 1/2 inches (the length in inches of one paver or the width of two). If you do have to cut pavers, use either a masonry blade in a circular saw or a brickset chisel and hammer. Patio options. There are basically two ways to build a brick patio. Flexible pavement is the quickest, easiest method; we used it for our project. Also known as the dry-laid method, it consists of laying pavers directly on a bed of compacted sand or crushed stone. The pavers are butted tightly together, then sand is swept between the joints. This method allows you to easily remove pavers if you ever need to change, repair or alter the patio. A mortared pavement provides a flatter, longer-lived surface, but it's harder to put down. Here, a crushed-stone base is topped with a 4-inch-thick concrete slab. Once the concrete cures, the pavers are pressed into a 1/2-inch-thick mortar bed troweled onto the slab. The 3/8-inch spaces between them are filled with mortar. Then secure timber along the edge of the course to these pegs using a drill. With the course for your patio properly supported you can now add a layer of hardcore. Hardcore is essentially a mix of large gravel chunks. This will provide your patio with a solid foundation and fill up approximately 10cm of the course. To ensure that your layer of hardcore is even, use a rake to smooth it out. Then using your sledgehammer, compact the hardcore into the ground. Before you put down any mortar on the hardcore you will next need to dry lay your slabs. Dry laying will allow you to approximate the placement of each piece. That way when you actually go to permanently place your slabs down they will end up in the right spot. This will help you avoid the risk of cementing your slabs to the wrong spot. Plus, you won’t need to worry about finding out at the last moment that one of the slabs needs to be cut to fit it within the patio’s dimensions. Like anything else, laying Floor tiles can seem like a pretty daunting task if you have never done it before. However, it is actually very simple and once you have had a go, you will soon feel much more confident. Tiling your own floor will save paying someone else to do it for you and it can be a genuinely rewarding experience! Before you begin laying any floor tiles you will need to know exactly where to start. Mark the centre of the floor and then place a single tile on this point. Next, lay a row of tiles on each side of this central one; dont forget to allow for grout gaps! You should now have a cross formation. Adjust each row of tiles until there is an equal space where they meet each of the walls. Now mark around your central tile. Make up a 5:1 solution of water and PVA (five parts water and one part PVA) and apply this to the floor. It does not matter if you are working on concrete or plywood; this preparation will still be exactly the same. Want a new project? Get outside and build a brand new patio or sidewalk, even if you already have one. Many patios and sidewalks are made from poured concrete. When you’d reasonably have something that does not look worn and grimy – and doesn’t want to be energy washed each and every spring – consider laying new brick pavers straight away over the old surface. There are an a variety of benefits to doing it this fashion,” says Laura Schwind, a registered landscape architect for Pine Corridor Brick, the largest supplier of clay pavers in the United States. With concrete that is easy or even, get started by way of opting for the kind of clay paver and a pattern. Remember the fact that there are “thinner” pavers (1 three/eight-inch) for these packages, and that some patterns, like herringbone, will require extra cuts than others. Subsequent, lay a “soldier direction,” which means that laying a line of bricks perpendicular to the brink of the concrete to form the outdoor body of your project. The secret is to make use of 4 dots of masonry adhesive on every brick, each about the dimension of a penny, which permits rainwater to move underneath. At the inside of the soldier route, lower pieces of roofing felt to put a single layer inside the body overlaying the concrete, and don’t overlap the felt edges. Then lay a 2d layer of felt perpendicular over the top of the primary layer. Starting at one nook, start laying the brick in position, leaving a 1/eight-inch hole between the pavers for sand. End by means of sweeping concrete sand between the joints till they are full. It’s effort and time,” says Schwind. But it is price it. If you want supplementary facts in relation to work benches or the empire formula swing by the blogger’s internet site right away. Try to keep things in proportion. If you plan to eat outside, make sure it’s large enough for people to sit comfortably round a table as well as being able to walk around it without stepping off the edge. The next major consideration is which material to use. Stone slabs, concrete slabs, imitation stone, or bricks? If laying a new patio near the house, choose a colour that contrasts or compliments the brickwork. Dark colours will make the patio look smaller, but they will absorb the light so there will be less glare and any heat will be retained and radiated as the evening cools down. Combinations of different coloured stone can be used to good effect, or the same coloured stone can be laid to create patterns, as of course can bricks. The more complex the pattern and the more the slabs have to be cut, the more expensive the job will be. The fall needn’t be huge – about 25mm every 1.5 metres, or an inch per yard-and-a-half, is ample – but it does need to be there and it needs to be consistent across the whole patio. This space then needs filling with an even layer of 75-100mm (3-4 inches) of hardcore, which will need tamping down firmly with a petrol-driven compactor plate, colloquially known as a ‘whacker’. These can be hired fairly cheaply and are easy to use, but it’s another cost to consider if you’re doing the job yourself. They’re also heavy, so you’ll also need to think about unloading and loading it at home. You’ll then be in a position to cover the hardcore layer with a fine layer of sand and grit, which will need raking smooth and flat. Then, and only then, can you start to lay your lovely new patio slabs. You’re probably thinking that this is starting to sound like a mammoth job, and you’d be right.

If you would rather leave it up to the experts

then why not give me a call

PATIOS

GARDEN MAINTENANCE

DECKING